As I noted in an earlier post, The Best Websites for Free Stuff, there is a lot of free stuff you can find on the Web and on the street, including good furniture. In the same post I also suggested there are some things you may want to buy new, such as bedding or upholstery. Ikea is a good place to start for essentials.
Chairs: You can get basic, stackable chairs from Ikea for $9.99 each; you can get basic, stackable stools for even cheaper at $5.99 each. (If you insist on a swiveling computer chair, those come cheap at Ikea, too: here is one for $14.99.)
Beds and bedding: I consider bed frames something of a luxury and have never purchased one on my own, but if you insist on having one then you can find (again from Ikea) a small bed frame for $39.99 and a large one for $49.99. From American Freight you can get mattresses as cheap as $59.00; from Target you can get comforters as cheap as $13.99, mattress pads as cheap as $9.64, and sheet sets as cheap as $13.49.
While skimping so much on furniture might seem excessively stingy, if you’re desperately seeking employment then it would be wise to take advantage of such good deals!